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DZENDZUR VOLCANO

It closes the Zhupanovsky volcano group in the west. It has rather complex volcanic structure. The central part is the Dzendzur volcano that has a rather destroyed 2159 m cone and is considered extinct.

coordinates: N53.62146º, E158.93828º

At the north-east slope there is a small stepped cone and a small dome that erupted a great flow of lava. In the north part there is alsoa large destroyed cone. In the south-west there is the dome-like Yuryevsky volcano which is separated from the Dzendzur volcano only by a narrow saddle.

Once central, the Dzendzur was a high cone volcano, but glaciers destroyed and lowered it. Now from the south-east one can see the arched range with steep 200 m internal sides which surround the crater of 1 km diameter. The south part of the range is destroyed, and multiple lava flows came out of the wide passage, where the Zhelob brook comes out now. The bottom of the crater is mostly covered by glaciers. Black crests of lava flows and the areas covered by yellow-red clay distinctly distinguish among the glaciers - the remains of once active fumaroles.

In the north-east part of the crater there is a permanently vapouring fumarole. Once there was a shallow turbid boiling lake, and the fumarole was at the bottom of it. The hot brook came out of the lake. And this place was known as the Verhne-Dzenzurskiye hot springs. Now the water level has lowered, the fumarole is vapouring at the dry surface, the lake has cooled, and the brook has disappeared.

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